What is arthritis, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints that generates symptoms such as pain, deformity and difficulty in movement, which still has no cure. In general, its treatment is done with medication, physiotherapy and exercises, but in some cases, surgery may be used.

Osteoarthritis, as it is also called, can be caused by trauma, overweight, food, natural wear and tear of the joint or due to a change in the immune system of individuals with a genetic predisposition for it.

It can be of different types, such as rheumatoid arthritis, septic arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gouty arthritis (gout) or reactive arthritis, depending on its cause. Therefore, for the diagnosis of arthritis it is necessary to do specific tests.

Learn to live with a disease that has no cure.

To bring pain relief and improve the ability to move, a careful diet is recommended, where you drink plenty of water and avoid excessive consumption of foods rich in protein, in addition to using anti-inflammatory drugs, immunosuppressants, prescribed by the rheumatologist, and physical therapy. Surgery for the placement of a joint prosthesis can, in many cases, represent the cure for arthritis in that joint, as occurs in septic arthritis, for example, but it is not always that it can be performed.

other feeding tips for arthritis.

The main treatments for Osteoarthritis are:

1. Arthritis remedies

They can be prescribed by the general practitioner or orthopedist Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, in addition to ointments containing ketoprofen, felbinaco and piroxicam, and other substances such as glucosamine sulfate or chloroquine. When these are not enough, a steroid injection can be used every 6 months or once a year.

To prevent the progression of the disease, medicines such as Infliximab, Rituximab, Azathioprine or Ciclosporin, for example, may be indicated.

2. Physiotherapy for arthritis

Physiotherapy can greatly help the patient with arthritis. Through physiotherapeutic treatment, inflammation may decrease and movements will be easier. Anti-inflammatory resources, analgesics and stretching and joint mobilization exercises may be used to preserve joint movements and prevent new deformities from settling.

Physiotherapy should be performed at least 3 times a week, until complete remission of arthritis symptoms. It is up to the physiotherapist to decide what resources to use to treat this disease. The practice of exercises such as swimming, water aerobics and Pilates is also indicated, as they help to fight inflammation and help in strengthening muscles. See more details about physiotherapy for arthritis.

3. Arthritis surgery

If the doctor finds that the joint is severely worn and if there are no other inconveniences, he may suggest that surgery be done to place a prosthesis at the site of the affected joint. One of the joints that has the most surgical indication is the hip and then the knee.

4. Natural treatment for arthritis

A great natural treatment to complement the usual treatment for arthritis is to take teas and infusions of medicinal plants, such as ginger and saffron.

The consumption of cayenne pepper and oregano daily also acts as a powerful natural anti-inflammatory, as well as massaging the affected areas with lavender or cat's claw essential oil.

See what natural painkillers you can take to relieve pain in arthritis:

Attention: natural treatment does not exclude the drug and physiotherapeutic treatment of arthritis, it only contributes to a faster and more satisfactory result.

What can cause arthritis

The natural wear and tear of the joint is one of the most common causes of arthritis, but this disease can also be caused by overweight, overuse, age, direct or indirect trauma, genetic factor and due to fungi, bacteria or viruses, which settle through the bloodstream in the joint, generating the inflammatory process. If this process is not reversed in time, it can lead to complete destruction of the joint and consequent loss of function.

If you are in doubt about what is causing your arthritis, talk to your doctor or physical therapist.

Osteoarthritis usually appears from the age of 40, but younger people can also be affected. One type of arthritis that manifests itself in children is juvenile arthritis. However, its most common form, especially affects the elderly over 65 years of age.