What Are the Symptoms and Causes of Tendonitis
Tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendons, which are the structure that connects the muscles to the bones, causing localized pain, difficulty in moving the affected limb, and there may also be a slight swelling or redness at the site.
Generally, tendonitis treatment should be done using analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs prescribed by the doctor and also with some physiotherapy sessions. In addition, it is important to rest the affected region so that the tendon has the possibility to heal.
Although tendonitis is more frequent in the shoulders, elbows, wrists and knees, it can occur in other parts of the body:
1. Shoulder, elbow and arm
Symptoms of tendonitis in the shoulder, arm or forearm include:
- Pain at a specific point in the shoulder or forearm, which can radiate to the arm;
- Difficulty performing some movement with the arm, such as raising the arms above the head and difficulty holding heavy objects with the affected arm
- Weakness of the arm and feeling of stinging or cramping in the shoulder.
Here's how to relieve the symptoms of tendonitis in the shoulder.
Tendonitis in the arms usually arises due to repetitive efforts, such as playing musical instruments for many hours in a row and doing laundry or cooking, for example. The people who are most likely to develop tendonitis in the shoulder are athletes, musicians, telephone operators, secretaries, teachers and domestic workers, for example.
Specific symptoms of knee tendonitis, also called patellar tendonitis, can be:
- Pain in the front of the knee, especially when walking, running or jumping;
- Difficulty performing movements such as bending and stretching the leg;
- Difficulty climbing stairs or sitting in a chair.
The individuals who usually develop tendonitis in the knee are athletes, physical education teachers and those who spend a lot of time on their knees, as is the case with maids, for example. Learn more about knee tendonitis.
Specific symptoms of hip tendonitis can include:
- Acute, prick-shaped pain, located in the hip bone, which worsens when any movement with the hip is performed, such as getting up or sitting down;
- Difficulty in sitting or lying on your side, on the affected side, due to pain;
- Difficulty walking, being necessary to lean on walls or furniture, for example.
Hip tendonitis is more common in the elderly due to the natural wear and tear of the structures that form the hip.
4. Wrist and hand
Specific symptoms of tendonitis in the wrist or hand are:
- Localized pain in the wrist that worsens when performing hand movements;
- Difficulty performing certain wrist movements because of pain;
- Difficulty holding a glass, for example, due to weakness in the hand muscles.
Discover how to reduce pain from tendonitis in the hand.
Anyone who has a job where he makes repetitive effort with his hands, can develop tendonitis in his wrist. Some situations that favor their installation are teachers, workers, painters and individuals who work a lot with their hands, such as those who make handicrafts and other handicrafts.
5. Ankle and foot
Specific symptoms of tendonitis in the ankle and foot are:
- Pain located in the ankle, especially when moving it;
- Feeling of stinging in the affected foot at rest
- Prick on the foot while walking.
Learn more about tendonitis in the ankles.
Foot tendonitis is more frequent in athletes and women who wear high heels frequently, due to improper foot position.
How to treat tendonitis
Treatment for tendonitis is with anti-inflammatory drugs prescribed by the doctor, use of ice packs 3 to 4 times a day for approximately 20 minutes each time, and physical therapy. See an easy way to relieve pain at home with a home remedy for tendonitis.
Tendonitis is curable, but to achieve it it is very important to stop performing the activity that caused it or any other effort with the affected limb, to allow time for the tendon to recover. If this measure is not met, tendonitis is unlikely to be completely cured, which can lead to a chronic injury called tendinosis, where there is a more severe involvement of the tendon, which can even lead to its rupture.
Here's how nutrition can help cure tendonitis faster by watching: