Shoulder osteoarthritis: symptoms, treatment and causes

Shoulder arthrosis corresponds to the degeneration of the shoulder joint, which leads to shoulder pain when certain movements are performed and which increases over the years or intensifies during arm movements.

Shoulder arthrosis can happen due to genetic factors or repetitive or high-impact movements, for example. The diagnosis is made by means of imaging tests, such as X-rays, in addition to physical evaluation.

The treatment for osteoarthritis is made with the use of pain relieving drugs, which should be recommended by the orthopedist, and physical therapy sessions to improve shoulder mobility. Treatment is usually time-consuming and, depending on the case, surgery may be necessary.

Symptoms of shoulder arthrosis

Symptoms of shoulder arthrosis include:

  • Shoulder pain and swelling;
  • Difficulty performing any movement with the shoulder;
  • Sensation of sand in the shoulder joint;
  • Clicks on the shoulder during movements.

Often this injury occurs at the same time as others, such as tendonitis or bursitis, for example. See how to identify and treat shoulder bursitis.

How the treatment is done

The treatment for shoulder arthrosis is done with the use of analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Paracetamol or Diclofenac, to relieve symptoms. In addition, the doctor may recommend the use of crustacean skeleton-based supplements, as they can assist in the recovery of cartilage, in addition to not having a contraindication. Also know some home remedies for osteoarthritis.

Physiotherapy is also indicated in order to keep the joint active, in addition to promoting its strengthening and thus improving the person's quality of life. To help the treatment, ice, heat, apparatus and even weight training exercises can also be used, but always with professional guidance.

It may also be recommended to perform arthroscopy, which is a small surgical procedure performed to remove bone calluses, and if the case is very severe, replacing the damaged joint with a prosthesis may be indicated. Understand what shoulder arthroscopy is and what the risks are.

Causes of shoulder arthrosis

Shoulder arthrosis can be caused by:

  • Degeneration of the joint due to age or the type of activity the person has;
  • Direct or indirect trauma, such as falling and supporting yourself with your hand on the floor;
  • Repetitive or high impact movements;
  • Chronic rheumatoid arthritis.

The diagnosis of shoulder arthrosis is made through the analysis of the X-ray exam, which shows the reduction of the intra-articular space and the wear of the humeral head, and the physical exam where the symptoms referring to the disease are observed.