Shoulder Bursitis: What it is, Symptoms and Treatment
Bursitis is an inflammation of the synovial bursa, a tissue that acts as a small pillow located inside a joint, preventing friction between the tendon and the bone. In the case of shoulder bursitis, there is pain located in the upper and anterior part of the shoulder and difficulty in movement.
Its treatment basically consists of the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, rest of the arms, avoiding efforts and physical therapy can be of great help.
Symptoms of shoulder bursitis are:
- Pain across the shoulder, especially the upper part;
- Difficulty raising the arm above the head due to pain;
- Muscle weakness in the entire affected arm;
- There may be a sensation of local tingling that radiates throughout the arm.
To confirm that it really is a bursitis, the physiotherapist and orthopedist will be able to palpate the sore shoulder and ask the person to perform some specific movements to assess the pain. Tests are not always necessary, but your doctor may order an x-ray or MRI to check for other causes of shoulder pain.
Causes of shoulder bursitis
Shoulder bursitis can be caused by overuse of the joint, especially in movements that raise the arm above the head line, as in swimming, for example.
Athletes, painters and cleaning ladies are very likely to develop shoulder bursitis, due to the repetitive practice of this type of movement.
But shoulder bursitis can occur after sudden movements, such as lifting a heavy suitcase, hitting it directly or falling on the floor and supporting yourself with your hands, with joint involvement, for example.
How the treatment is done
Treatment for shoulder bursitis can be done with the use of anti-inflammatories, such as Diclofenac, Tilatil and Celestone, for 7 to 14 days. But in addition, it is important to give the joint rest, keeping away from work, if possible.
Placing a bag with ice or ice water on the shoulder can provide relief from pain and will help fight inflammation, helping with treatment. It should be used daily, for 20 minutes, 2 to 3 times a day.
Physiotherapy is very important and contributes to the successful treatment of bursitis. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory resources should be used daily until there is a good decrease in symptoms. When this occurs, the arm muscles should be strengthened. Stretches and joint mobilizations can be used from the first session. Get to know some physiotherapy exercises to accelerate recovery in: Shoulder proprioception exercises.
You can also choose the natural painkillers mentioned in the following video: