Sciatic nerve pain: what it is, symptoms and how to relieve

  • piriformis syndrome.

  • Inflamed sciatic nerve in pregnancy
  • The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the human body, being formed by several nerve roots that come from the spine. The sciatic nerve begins at the end of the spine, passes through the glutes, posterior part of the thigh and, when it reaches the knee, divides between the common tibial and fibular nerve, and reaches the feet. And it is in this whole path that it can cause pain with a tingling sensation, stitches or electric shock.

    When there is compression or inflammation of this nerve, sciatica appears which causes symptoms such as severe pain in the back, buttocks or legs, difficulty in keeping the spine erect and pain when walking. In these cases it is important to seek an orthopedic doctor or physical therapist so that he can guide the appropriate treatment.

    To cure the inflamed sciatic nerve, the treatment indicated by the orthopedist or physiotherapist must be carried out, with medication, exercises, and sometimes physiotherapy.

    herniated disc, spondylolisthesis or even spinal arthrosis. For this reason, when the first symptoms appear, it is very important to consult an orthopedic doctor or a physiotherapist, so that tests are performed in the office and X-ray examinations of the spine are performed to assess if it has any alterations that are compressing the nerve, giving the symptoms.

    When the person has other symptoms such as a stinging, burning sensation, and feeling tired and heavy legs, this is not related to the sciatic nerve, but they are characteristic of the painful myofascial syndrome, which is often confused with changes in the sciatic nerve. Learn how to identify and treat this syndrome.

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    4. Physiotherapy

    In most cases, treating inflammation or compression of the sciatic nerve involves performing physical therapy sessions with devices that reduce pain and inflammation and strengthening and stretching exercises, and manual techniques to mobilize and stretch the affected leg, improving blood supply to the sciatic nerve and normalize the tone of the gluteal and leg muscles.

    In addition, it is also recommended to apply localized heat over the region to be treated, and to perform stretches to stretch and relieve nerve compression. See other home care and options to treat the sciatic nerve at Home treatment for sciatic nerve.

    Sometimes when these problems are associated with poor posture, the physiotherapist may also recommend carrying out a treatment called Global Postural Reeducation - RPG, in which there is a correction of posture and stretching of the muscles responsible for the postural alteration.

    5. Food

    During a sciatica crisis, anti-inflammatory foods such as salmon, garlic, onion, flaxseed, chia and sesame should be preferred. But it is also important to reduce the consumption of foods that increase inflammation in the body, which are mainly processed meats, such as sausage, sausage and bacon. Learn how to make an anti-inflammatory diet.

    6. Alternative treatment

    In addition, there are other options that can also complete the treatment, which include performing Acupuncture and Reflexology sessions to relieve pain and discomfort. Another possibility is osteopathy, which consists of techniques that stretch the muscles, pulling in order to crack the joints, being a good way to treat scoliosis, hyperlordosis and herniated discs that are usually involved in the cause of sciatica.

    7. Spine surgery

    It is reserved only for the most serious cases, when there is a herniated disc that does not improve with all the treatments mentioned above. In this case, the surgeon may decide to remove the vertebral disc and stick one vertebra to the other, for example.

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  • Avoid physical inactivity and regularly practice activities such as walking, Pilates or water aerobics that strengthen and stretch the muscles;
  • Try to maintain the correct back posture even when sitting;
  • Always be within the ideal weight;
  • Keep the abdomen always strong to protect the spine.
  • piriformis syndrome.

    Inflamed sciatic nerve in pregnancy

    During pregnancy it is common for the sciatic nerve to be affected due to the rapid increase in weight, growth of the belly and alteration of the woman's center of gravity, which can lead to compression of this nerve. When this happens, the pregnant woman should see a doctor or physical therapist, to start the treatment and minimize the symptoms presented. Treatment can be done with stretching exercises, hot compresses and anti-inflammatory ointments to pass the pain site.