Reiter's syndrome: what it is, symptoms and treatment

Reiter's syndrome, also known as reactive arthritis, is a disease that causes inflammation of the joints and tendons, especially in the knees, ankles and feet, which occurs about 1 to 4 weeks after a urinary or intestinal infection byChlamydia sp.,Salmonella sp. orShigella sp., for example. This disease, in addition to being characterized by inflammation of the joints, can also involve the eyes and urogenital system, resulting in symptoms.

This disease is more common in young men, between the ages of 20 and 40, and is not contagious, but as it happens as a result of an infection, there may be transmission ofChlamydia through unprotected sexual contact. However, not always that the person has contact with the related bacteria, the disease develops.

The treatment for Reiter's Syndrome should be done according to the doctor's guidance and, although there is no cure, it has control and ways to relieve symptoms, it is important to have physiotherapy sessions during the treatment.

Symptoms of Reiter's Syndrome

The symptoms of Reiter's syndrome are mainly pain and inflammation of the joints, but other symptoms include:

  • Exit of pus from the genital organ;
  • Pain when urinating;
  • Conjunctivitis;
  • Appearance of wounds that do not cause pain in the mouth, tongue or genital organ;
  • Skin lesions on the soles of the feet and palms;
  • Presence of yellow dirt under the nails of the hands and feet.

Symptoms of Reiter's Syndrome appear about 7 to 14 days after an infection and may disappear after 3 or 4 months, however, it is common to reappear after a few weeks. The diagnosis of Reiter's Syndrome can be made through the evaluation of the symptoms presented by the patient, blood test, gynecological examination or biopsy. Learn how to identify the symptoms and how is the diagnosis of Reiter's Syndrome.

How is the treatment

Treatment for Reiter's Syndrome should be guided by a rheumatologist, but usually, treatment is done with antibiotics, such as Amoxicillin or Ciprofloxacin, to treat the infection, if it is still active, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve the symptoms of inflammation.

In addition, it is also recommended to do physical therapy to recover the movements of the inflamed joints and reduce pain. In the most severe cases, it may still be necessary to use immunosuppressive drugs, such as Methotrexate and Ciclosporin, to reduce the inflammatory process of the joints.