How to cure sore throat: natural options and remedies
The sore throat can cause symptoms such as burning in the throat, pain and difficulty in swallowing and is usually caused by prolonged exposure to cold or infection by diseases such as flu or tonsillitis.
In some cases, the sore throat can be treated with home remedies, such as gargling with warm water and salt, however, if the inflammation and pain do not subside and pus is seen in the throat, it is important to see a doctor and start treatment, which can be done with medication to relieve symptoms, such as ibuprofen, or antibiotics, such as penicillin.
Natural options for sore throat
Some homemade measures that can be useful for sore throat are:
1. Gargle with warm water and salt
A solution of salted water has antimicrobial properties that help eliminate microorganisms from the throat, reducing symptoms. To prepare the solution, add a tablespoon of salt in a glass of warm water and mix well until dissolved. Then gargle at least 3 times with the mixture, pouring out the water each time. See other sore throat gargle recipes.
2. Have lemon tea with honey and ginger
Another great home remedy for sore throat is honey, lemon and ginger tea, which should be taken twice a day. This remedy has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, in addition to being rich in vitamin C, which strengthens the body's natural defenses.
To make the tea, just add 1 cup of boiling water, 1 sliced lemon and 1 cm of ginger, waiting about 15 minutes before straining. Finally, if necessary, sweeten with honey.
3. Drinking mallow, sage or alteia tea
These plants have anti-inflammatory properties and lubricate the throat, relieving symptoms. To make the tea, just add 1 tablespoon of the chosen herb in 1 cup of boiling water, let it stand for 15 minutes and strain. Check out other teas that can help relieve your sore throat.
4. Taking strawberry smoothie with honey
Strawberries have vitamin C that helps increase the body's defenses and honey lubricates the throat, helping to reduce pain and inflammation. To make this vitamin, you must beat 1 glass of milk and 6 strawberries in the blender, then add 1 spoon of honey.
Regarding what to eat for sore throats, liquid and pasty foods such as soups, broths or fruit purees should be preferred, avoid drinking foods that are too cold or too hot, which reduces pain and discomfort when swallowing .
Other homemade ways to cure throat inflammation are here in this video by nutritionist Tatiana Zanin:
Sore throat pharmacy remedies
Pharmacy remedies for a sore throat are also very important, especially when the pain is very severe, it takes more than 3 days to go away or is accompanied by a fever. In these situations, a general practitioner should be consulted to assess the need to start treatment with some pharmacy medicine, which can be:
- Anti-inflammatories, such as ibuprofen or naproxen: decrease inflammation, relieving pain and facilitating the act of swallowing;
- Painkillers, such as paracetamol or dipyrone: calm the sensation of pain and are more used when there is no visible inflammation;
- Antibiotics, such as amoxicillin and clavulanic acid: are used when there is pus and an infection caused by bacteria.
These remedies should always be used only with the doctor's indication and should not be replaced by natural options, as these natural options should always be a supplement to medical treatment. Check which remedies can be used for sore throat.
Sore throat symptoms
Sore throat symptoms include:
- Throat discomfort;
- Dry and irritating cough;
- Sore throat when swallowing or speaking;
- Very red and swollen throat;
- Low fever;
- High fever, more common if there is infection by bacteria;
- Bad breath and neck swelling.
The sore throat can be caused by the flu, cold, tonsillitis, laryngitis or pharyngitis. Other possible causes of sore throat may be irritation in the throat by inhaling toxic substances, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages or reflux of food into the throat. See more causes of sore throat and what to do.