Infant Uterus: what it is, symptoms and treatment

The infant uterus, also known as hypoplastic uterus or hypotrophic hypogonadism, is a congenital malformation in which the uterus does not fully develop during a woman's life, maintaining the same size as that presented during childhood.

Usually, the infant uterus is only diagnosed during adolescence due to the absence of menstruation, because before that period it does not cause any symptoms.

The infant uterus is not always curable, because the smaller the size of the organ the more difficult it will be to stimulate its growth, however, treatment can be done to try to enlarge the uterus to allow a pregnancy.

Causes of infant uterus

The infant uterus occurs when the uterus does not develop properly, remaining the same size as during childhood, and may be the result of diseases that lead to decreased production of hormones responsible for the development of female reproductive organs.

In addition, the infant uterus can happen due to genetic changes or the prolonged and constant use of steroid drugs, which can lead to hormonal imbalance.

Main symptoms

The infant uterus is usually discovered in routine examinations, but it can be noticed through the following symptoms:

  • Delay in menstruation, which happens after 15 years;
  • Absence of pubic or underarm hair;
  • Little development of the female breasts and genitals;
  • Irregular menstruation;
  • Difficulty getting pregnant or miscarriages.

The diagnosis of the infant uterus is made by means of pelvic or transvaginal ultrasound, in which the gynecologist observes that the body of the uterus has the same measurement or a measurement very close to the cervix, when in fact it should be larger.

Who has a child uterus can get pregnant?

Women who have an infant uterus may have greater difficulty in conceiving because, if the uterus is smaller than normal, spontaneous abortion may occur due to the lack of space for the fetus to develop.

In addition, many women with an infant uterus also experience problems with the functioning of the ovaries and, therefore, may not be able to produce eggs that are mature enough to be fertilized.

Therefore, in the case of an infant uterus, it is recommended to consult with an obstetrician before attempting to conceive in order to assess the chances of treatment for pregnancy, which may include artificial insemination.

How the treatment is done

Treatment for infant uterus must be guided by a gynecologist and is usually done with the use of hormonal remedies to help the growth and development of the uterus, even if it is not always possible to reach a normal size.

With the use of medications, the ovaries start releasing the eggs monthly and the uterus begins to increase in size, allowing a normal and reproductive cycle and pregnancy, in some cases.