Fertile period in the case of polycystic ovaries
It is normal for the menstrual cycle and, consequently, the woman's fertile period, to be altered due to the presence of cysts in the ovary, since there is a change in hormone levels, which makes pregnancy more difficult. In this situation, there is an increase in androgen production, which is a hormone that hinders the maturation of eggs, impairing ovulation.
Thus, depending on the amount of androgen produced, women with polycystic ovaries may have an irregular fertile period or not even have a fertile period, for example. However, the presence of polycystic ovaries does not mean that women can never become pregnant, as it is possible to undergo fertility treatments to increase ovulation and allow pregnancy.
Find out how the diagnosis of the polycystic ovary is made.
How to increase fertility
To increase fertility when you have a polycystic ovary, it is important that treatment is done according to the gynecologist's guidance, and it may be recommended:
- Use of birth control pill: contains artificial forms of estrogens and progesterone that regulate ovulation. In these cases, it is not possible to get pregnant while undergoing treatment, but it can help regulate the cycle;
- Use of Clomiphene: it is a medication that stimulates ovulation, increasing the number of eggs produced and facilitating the existence of a more regular fertile period;
- Hormone injections: these injections are used when clomiphene has no effect.
In addition, it is important to maintain regular physical exercise and a balanced diet, as weight gain can also impair ovulation, making it harder to get pregnant. Look for signs that you are in the fertile period.
In addition, it is important to maintain an adequate diet that helps to alleviate the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome and increase the chances of becoming pregnant. Check out some feeding tips by watching the following video:
When to use assisted reproduction techniques
Assisted reproduction techniques are generally used when, even after using the previous treatments, the woman is unable to conceive. The main technique used is in vitro fertilization, in which the doctor collects an egg from the woman when ovulation occurs. Then in the laboratory, that egg is fertilized by a man's sperm and then replaced in the uterus. Know other techniques to get pregnant.