Multiple Myeloma

    Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer in the blood, in which blood cells start to be produced uncontrollably and accumulate in the bone marrow. This is a disease that produces symptoms such as severe bone pain and treatment can vary from patient to patient.

    Some possible causes for the disease are exposure to pesticides or spray paint, as well as infections caused by viruses, such as AIDS.

    How to Identify Multiple Myeloma

    Laboratory tests, tissue biopsy and bone marrow evaluation are the tests indicated for the diagnosis of multiple myeloma.

    Most diagnoses of multiple myeloma are made in a patient over 75 years of age, although it can be diagnosed in individuals aged 40 or under.

    Symptoms of Multiple Myeloma

    In the initial phase of the disease she has no symptoms, in a more advanced stage, multiple myeloma can cause:

    • decreased physical capacity;
    • lack of energy;
    • weakness;
    • seasickness;
    • vomiting;
    • loss of appetite;
    • weight loss;
    • bone pain;
    • frequent fractures;
    • blood changes;
    • alteration in peripheral nerves.

    Treatment for Multiple Myeloma

    The treatment of multiple myeloma will depend on the patient's age, in the youngest bone marrow transplantation is recommended and in older patients, chemotherapy seems to be the most indicated. According to doctors, each treatment should be adjusted according to the patient's needs.